An IAEA Nuclear Data Section Initiative
Neutron cross-section standards are important in the measurement and evaluation of all other neutron reaction cross-sections. Not many cross-sections can be defined as absolute - most cross-sections are measured relative to the cross-section standards for normalization to absolute values. Previous evaluations of the neutron cross-section standards were completed in 1987 and disseminated as both NEANDC/INDC (NEANDC-311) and ENDF/B standards. R-matrix model fits for the light elements and non-model least-squares fits for the heavy elements were the basis of the combined fits for all of the data. Some important reactions and constants are not standards, but assist greatly in the determination of the standard cross-sections and reduce their uncertainties - these data were also included in the combined fits.
The need to re-evaluate the cross-section standards at the beginning of the 21st century is based on the appearance of a significant amount of precise experimental data and developments in the methodology of analysis and evaluation. An IAEA Consultants' Meeting was held in 2001 to consider the major tasks to be undertaken in order to improve the 1987 standards evaluation (Summary Report of the Consultants' Meeting on Improvement of the Standard Cross Sections for Light Elements, Vienna, 2-4 April 2001, INDC(NDS)- 425, prepared by A.D. Carlson, D.W. Muir and V.G. Pronyaev, June 2001). Thus, an IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project (CRP) entitled "Improvement of Standards Cross-Sections for Light Elements" was formulated, and this work was substantially extended through the course of these multinational studies by the inclusion of tasks to evaluate the cross-section standards for heavy elements.
The evaluations of the neutron cross-section standards were finalized in October 2005. Previous difficulties experienced with a data evaluation problem known as "Peelle's Pertinent Puzzle" create biases in the fit of correlated data, and were addressed to reduce this phenomenon. The new evaluations of the cross-section standards also include covariance matrices of the uncertainties that contain fully justifiable values. Significant contributions to the experimental database were made by participants of Subgroup 7 of the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC). Furthermore, the evaluations could not have been carried out without access to the original GMA database and related computer codes given to staff of the IAEA Nuclear Data Section by the US Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG).
A final technical report was prepared in 2006, and published in 2007. A comprehensive paper with detailed technical description of derived standards and uncertainties was published in Nuclear Data Sheets Volume 110, Issue 12, December 2009, Pages 3215-3324.
Neutron Cross-section Standards
|Reaction||Neutron Energy Range|
Free text Format
|H(n,n)||1 keV to 20 MeV||1 keV to 20 MeV||std-001_H_001.endf||not available|
|3He(n,p)||0.0253 eV to 50 keV||0.0253 eV to 50 keV (1987 adopted)||std-002_He_003.endf||not available|
|6Li(n,t)||0.0253 eV to 1 MeV||0.0253 eV to 1 MeV||std-003_Li_006.endf||standards-6Li_xs-data.txt|
|10B(n,α)||0.0253 eV to 250 keV||0.0253 eV to 1 MeV||std-005_B_010.endf||standards-10B_na-xs-data.txt|
|10B(n,α1γ)||0.0253 eV to 250 keV||0.0253 eV to 1 MeV||std-005_B_010.endf||standards-10B_na1-xs-data.txt|
|C(n,n)||up to 1.8 MeV||up to 1.8 MeV (1987 adopted)||std-006_C_000.endf||not available|
|Au(n,γ)||0.0253 eV, and 0.2 to 2.5 MeV||0.0253 eV, and 0.2 to 2.5 MeV||std-079_Au_197.endf||standards-197Au_xs-data.txt|
|235U(n,f)||0.0253 eV, and 0.15 to 20 MeV||0.0253 eV, and 0.15 to 200 MeV||std-092_U_235.endf||standards-235U_xs-data.txt|
|238U(n,f)||threshold to 20 MeV||2 to 200 MeV||std-092_U_238.endf||standards-238U_xs-data.txt|
Neutron Cross-section References (2015)
The reference (n,f) cross sections were evaluated for the following 5 nuclei (detailed information is available in Report INDC(NDS)-0681 "209Bi and natPb
neutron fission cross sections as new references and
extensions of the 235U, 238U and 239Pu (n,f) standards up to 1 GeV", B. Marcinkevicius, S. Simakov and V. Pronyaev ).
The ENDF-6 file with cross sections, energy-energy correlations and cross-reaction correlations for 209Bi, natPb, 235U, 238U and 239Pu (n,f is available here : High-En-Ref.endf
|Reaction||Energy Range||ENDF-6 Format||NJOY plot||Free text format|
|235U(n,f)||0.0253 eV - 1 GeV||235U-Ref-HighErg.endf||file.pdf||235U_nf_Reference_xs_data.txt|
|238U(n,f)||0.0253 eV - 1 GeV||238U-Ref-HighErg.endf||file.pdf||238U_nf_Reference_xs_data.txt|
|239Pu(n,f)||0.0253 eV - 300 MeV||239Pu-Ref-HighErg.endf||file.pdf||239Pu_nf_Reference_xs_data.txt|
|209Bi(n,f)||34 MeV - 1 GeV||209Bi-Ref-HighErg.endf||file.pdf||209Bi_nf_Reference_xs_data.txt|
|natPb(n,f)||34 MeV - 1 GeV||natPB-Ref-HighErg.endf||file.pdf||natPb_nf_Reference_xs_data.txt|